The words behind our Infographic
At Gabalfa Primary, we have worked with our learners, their parents, governors and staff to develop a curriculum that meets the needs of all our children, their families and the diverse community we serve. Our curriculum encompasses everything a learner experiences as we strive to realise the four purposes – to develop ambitious, capable, enterprising, creative, ethically informed, healthy and confident individuals who make positive contributions to society.
We want to ignite a passion for learning in our children that will serve them well throughout their lives. By placing Emotional Health and Wellbeing at the heart of our curriculum, we aim to develop an enthusiastic, innovative learning community which enables all to achieve the best they can. Rooted in Welsh values and culture, the development of good literacy, numeracy and digital skills has a high priority as we recognise these as essential life skills. We have therefore embedded these cross-curricular skills throughout the curriculum.
We recognise that our children learn best through practical 'hands on' learning opportunities that enable them to experience learning in a meaningful way that reflects their interests and needs. We plan learning to provide children with opportunities to develop skills and explore concepts, build their knowledge and understanding through Contexts for Learning that capture their interest and stimulate their imagination. We teach the mandatory elements of Religion, values and ethics (RVE), Relationships and sexuality education (RSE), Welsh and English both discretely and through our Contexts for Learning. We encourage our children to take ownership of their own learning and promote decision making so they have the knowledge, skills and dispositions for future challenges as lifelong learners.
Our school and the four purposes
We want Ambitious, capable learners who:
We want Enterprising, creative contributors who:
We want Ethical, informed citizens who:
We want Healthy, confident individuals who:
Skills integral to the four purposes
The four purposes are underpinned by integral skills developed within a wide range of learning and teaching. At the heart of these skills is the importance of learners recognising, using and creating different types of value - worth and importance in a range of contexts, including financial, cultural, social and learning value.
Learners are given space to be curious and inquisitive, and to generate many ideas. They are supported to link and connect disparate experiences, knowledge and skills, and see, explore and justify alternative solutions. They identify opportunities and communicate their strategies. This support learners to create different types of values.
Learners are supported to ask meaningful questions, and to evaluate information, evidence and situations. They analyse and justify possible solutions, recognising potential issues and problems. Learners become objective in their decision-making, identifying and developing arguments. They are able to propose solutions which generate different types of values.
Learners develop emotional intelligence and awareness, becoming confident and independent. They have opportunities to lead debate and discussions, becoming aware of the social, cultural, ethical and legal implications of their arguments. They evaluate their learning and mistakes, identifying areas for development. They become responsible and reliable, being able to identify and recognise different types of value and then use that value.
Where developmentally appropriate, learners are able to set goals, make decisions and monitor interim results. They are able to reflect and adapt, as well as manage time, people and resources. They are able to check for accuracy and be able create different types of value.
The development of these skills allows learners to work across disciplines, providing them with opportunities for both synthesis and analysis. There is particular potential for innovation in making and using connections between different disciplines and Areas.
When developing these skills, learners:
Central to our curriculum are 12 Pedagogical Principles that will enable us to achieve the ambitions by WG for all our learners to be successful in their learning. They underpin our teaching. Daily, our staff will identify pupils’ greatest needs, match these with the most appropriate pedagogical approach and assess the impact of the teaching approach through pupil progress.
The 12 pedagogical principles are
Our curriculum will not imply the emphasis on any particular teaching approach - the decision about teaching and learning are context and purpose specific and will be undertaken by the class teacher.
Our approach to designing authentic Contexts for Learning is based on four distinct stages; Engage – Develop – Innovate – Express. We use Cwricwlwm Maestro, an online curriculum management portal to provide clear direction for teaching and learning.
Engage – this is a short stage in which children take part in an exciting experience to stimulate their curiosity, ask questions and talk about their prior learning.
Develop – this is a longer stage where children delve more deeply into the them, explore and acquire new skills and knowledge, revisit previously acquired skills and knowledge, make links between subjects, explore, make, read and write for a variety of purposes across the curriculum.
Innovate - is a crucial opportunity for children to return to previous skills and knowledge and apply them in new contexts. The Innovate stage poses a thematic problem, challenge, provocation or scenario that requires children to think creatively whilst applying, reflecting and revisiting what they have learnt in previous stages, in a real-life or imaginary context.
Express - gives children a structured opportunity to reflect on their learning, test their knowledge and celebrate their achievements.
The input of learners has been an important consideration throughout our curriculum design process. We have considered learners’ input and provided increasing opportunities for learners to help direct their learning as they progress. Learners’ views about their experiences and about what, how and where they learn are taken seriously and we try hard to ensure there is a balance between learner and professional decision making when planning.
Through our Pupil Voice activities, we have informed our learners about the process we are taking to design the curriculum. We have explained to our learners how they have influenced decisions, with feedback given about what decisions have been taken and why.
Activities used to involve our learners directly in the designing of our curriculum include:
The mandatory cross-curricular skills of literacy, numeracy and digital competence are essential to all learning and the ability to unlock knowledge. They enable learners to access the breadth of a school’s curriculum and the wealth of opportunities it offers, equipping them with the lifelong skills to realise the four purposes. These are skills that can be transferred to the world of work, enabling learners to adapt and thrive in the modern world. Learners need to be adaptable, capable of learning new skills throughout life and equipped to cope with new life scenarios.
Our curriculum enables learners to develop competence and capability in these skills and, where there are opportunities, to extend and apply them across all AoLEs (areas of learning and experiences).
Learners are given opportunities across our curriculum to:
These skills are embedded across the curriculum.
Principles of Progression
Five principles of progression underpin progression across all Areas. The principles are as follows:
Increasing breadth and depth of knowledge
Learners need to acquire both breadth and depth of knowledge. As learners progress, they develop an increasingly sophisticated understanding of concepts that underpin different statements of what matters. They see the relationships between these and use them to further shape and make sense of knowledge and make links across the whole curriculum. This consolidates their understanding of concepts.
Deepening understanding of the ideas and disciplines within the Areas
Holistic approaches are particularly important to learning in early steps as learners engage with the world around them. Learners should become increasingly aware of ways in which ideas and approaches can be coherently grouped and organised. As they progress they need to experience and understand disciplinary learning in each of the Areas and see these in the context of the statements of what matters and the four purposes.
Refinement and growing sophistication in the use and application of skills
Learners need to develop a range of skills including: physical, communication, cognitive and Area specific skills. In the early stages of learning, this range of skills includes focus on developing gross and fine motor; communicative and social skills. They also develop intellectual skills in applying what they have learned. As learners progress, they demonstrate more refined application of existing skills, and will experience opportunities to develop new, more specific and more sophisticated skills.
Over time, learners become able to effectively organise a growing number of increasingly sophisticated ideas, to apply understanding in various contexts and to communicate their thoughts effectively, using a range of methods, resources or equipment appropriate to their purpose and audience.
Making connections and transferring learning into new contexts
Learners should make connections with increasing independence; across learning within an Area, between Areas, and with their experiences outside of school. Over time these connections will be increasingly sophisticated, explained and justified by learners. They should be able to apply their learning in more unfamiliar and challenging contexts.
As learners progress, they should become increasingly effective. This includes increasingly successful approaches to self-evaluation, identification of their next steps in learning and more effective means of self-regulation. They become increasingly able to seek appropriate support and to identify sources of that support. They ask more sophisticated questions and find and evaluate answers from a range of sources. They become increasingly effective at learning in a social and work-related context.
The 27 What Matters Statements at a glance:
Expressive Arts WM1
Exploring the is essential to developing artistic skills and knowledge and it enables learners to become curious and creative individuals.
Expressive Arts WM2
Expressive Arts WM3
Enquiry, exploration and investigation inspire curiosity about the world, its past, present and future.
Events and human experiences are complex, and are perceived, interpreted and represented in different ways.
Our natural world is diverse and dynamic, influenced by processes and human actions.
Human societies are complex and diverse, and shaped by human actions and beliefs.
Informed, self-aware citizens engage with the challenges and opportunities that face humanity, and are able to take considered and ethical action.
Health and Well-being WM1
Health and Well-being WM2
Health and Well-being WM3
Health and Well-being WM4
Health and Well-being WM5
Languages, Literacy and Communication WM1
Languages, Literacy and Communication WM2
Languages, Literacy and Communication WM3
Languages, Literacy and Communication WM4
Mathematics and Numeracy WM1
Mathematics and Numeracy WM2
Mathematics and Numeracy WM3
Mathematics and Numeracy WM4
Science and Technology WM1
Science and Technology WM2
Science and Technology WM3
Science and Technology WM4
Science and Technology WM5
Science and Technology WM6